Mongolia To Create New Protected Area for Snow Leopards

Mongolia's Parliament declares Tost a State Protected Area. The mountain range is home to a stable, breeding population of snow leopards.

Press Release, April 14, 2016 – Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia / Seattle, WA

A new dawn in Tost. Photo by SLCF Mongolia/SLT
A new dawn in Tost. Photo by SLCF Mongolia/SLT

The Great Ikh Hural, Mongolia’s parliament, has approved a proposal to turn the Tost Mountains, a prime snow leopard habitat in the country’s South Gobi province, into a Nature Reserve, one of four categories of State Protected Areas under Mongolian law. Under this designation, only traditional economic activities such as livestock grazing that aren’t harmful to nature will be allowed, while mining, construction, and hunting will be prohibited.

The Snow Leopard Trust would like to express its gratitude and appreciation to the Mongolian parliament, and in particular to Members of Parliament Erdenchimeg Luvsan and Oyungerel Tsedevdamba, who led a Parliamentary delegation with 5 fellow members who championed the proposal.

We would like to congratulate the local government at Gurvantes and the provincial government of South Gobi – and most of all Tost’s local communities, who have championed the idea of protecting this important snow leopard habitat for many years.

One of the largest protected habitats in the world

“This is a huge step forward for the protection of the endangered snow leopard in this part of its range”, says Charu Mishra, the Snow Leopard Trust’s Science & Conservation Director. “This Nature Reserve will be a bridge between two existing Protected Areas, the Great Gobi and the Gobi Gurvansaikhan National Park. The resulting landscape will be one of the world’s largest continuous protected snow leopard habitats.”

Under Mongolian law, the government will now appoint a working group, consisting of members of several relevant government agencies and public sector partners, to work out the specifics of the new National Park, including its precise boundaries. The Government has 60 days to complete this task.

A map of Mongolia, showing the proposed area for Tost Nature Reserve (red) and existing Protected Areas (dark grey).
A map of Mongolia, showing the proposed area for Tost Nature Reserve (red) and existing Protected Areas (dark grey).

“Within the 8163 square kilometers that are being considered for the National Park, there are currently around 12 licenses for mining exploration, and 2 active mining sites”, says Bayarjargal Agvantseeren, the leader of Mongolia’s Snow Leopard Conservation Foundation and Director of SLT’s Mongolia Program.

As mining activities won’t be permitted within the park boundaries, the working group now has to come up with a solution for the land affected by mining licenses. The licenses can either be revoked, in which case the companies holding them would be compensated, or the licensed land be kept out of the National Park. To protect the ecological integrity of the area, it would be important to revoke licenses that fall inside the boundary.

Site of the most comprehensive snow leopard study to date

Tost is the site of the world’s most comprehensive long-term snow leopard research study, being conducted by the Snow Leopard Conservation Foundation, Snow Leopard Trust, and the Mongolian Academy of Sciences since 2008. The conservation organization Panthera was also a partner in the study until 2012.

In this study, scientists have so far tracked 20 snow leopards with GPS satellite collars, gaining unprecedented insights into the behavior and ecology of these cats, and monitoring wild snow leopard cubs in their dens for the first time ever.

Lasya, one of the female snow leopards we've been tracking
A total of 20 snow leopardshave been tracked with a GPS collar in the long-term study in Tost to date.

Remote-sensor camera data collected over a span of five years has shown Tost’s snow leopard population to be stable and reproducing, with at least 12 adult cats using the area at any given time.

A win that was years in the making

Given the importance of this ecosystem both to the endangered snow leopard and the local pastoral community, the Snow Leopard Conservation Foundation and local people began making efforts for its protection in 2008. In 2010, the community achieved a major breakthrough, as both the provincial and central governments agreed to give Tost and Tosonbumba the status of a Local Protected Area. This offered some level of protection from further expansions of mining in the area, but could not guarantee the ecosystem’s long-term future.

Our team recognized this early on, and began working with the local community and leadership toward achieving State Protected Area status in 2012. Now, 4 years, this collective effort has paid off, and Tost should remain a safe haven for snow leopards.

Great news after a tragedy

The good news comes on the heels of a tragedy of immense magnitude: In 2015, we lost our friend and colleague Lkhagvasumberel “Sumbee” Tomorsukh, who dedicated his life to studying and protecting snow leopards and other wildlife of Tost. An investigation into his death is ongoing.

When water holes in the South Gobi froze over during a harsh winter, Sumbe carried several hundred pounds of ice up the mountain, so the animals would have enough to drink
Sumbee’s dedication to the wildlife of Tost knew no boundaries. When water holes froze over during a harsh winter, he carried several hundred pounds of ice up the mountain, so the animals would have enough to drink.

“Sumbee lived for Tost and its snow leopards. If he were among us today, he’d be the happiest person on earth. The new Nature Reserve is a fitting tribute to this amazing young man”, says Bayarjargal Agvantseeren.


Snow Leopard Trust

Snow leopards are one of the most endangered big cats in the world. Founded in 1981, the Snow Leopard Trust is the largest and oldest organization devoted to protecting the endangered snow leopard. The Snow Leopard Trust has been active in Mongolia for over a decade conducting grassroots conservation, education and research. Snow Leopard Trust:

Snow Leopard Conservation Foundation

Snow Leopard Conservation Foundation is the Snow Leopard Trust’s partner organization based in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia; working together on the conservation of the endangered snow leopard since 1998.


This major achievement, five years in the making, has benefited from the support of each and every donor. Such an enormous and sustained undertaking would not have been possible without YOU! Our biggest and heartiest thanks goes out to the over 2,000 Snow Leopard Trust donors and 100 zoo partners around the globe. Thank you! (please click here to see a complete list of $50+ donors and zoo partners in our 2014 Annual Report).

Thank you to the following for partnering with us to support Tost LPA and advocacy for Tost:

People’s Trust for Endangered Species
David Shepherd Wildlife Foundation
Disney Conservation Fund
Partnership Funding by Fondation Segre, managed by Whitley Fund for Nature
S.L. Gimbel Advised Fund at The Community Foundation
Snow Leopard Network

Thank you to the following for partnering with us on special conservation and research projects important to Tost:

Acacia Conservation Fund
AZA Conservation Grants Fund (formerly Conservation Endowment Fund)
BBC Wildlife Fund
Bioparc Zoo de Doue la Fontaine
Cat Life Foundation
CGMK Foundation
Columbus Zoo & Aquarium
Conservation Research & Education Opportunities International
Dakota Zoo
Darwin Initiative through UK Government, via University of Aberdeen
David and Amy Cohn
Eco-Sys Action
Edrington Group & Edrington Americas
Elizabeth Hoopes
Elmyra Felburn Schiller Irrevocable Trust
Felburn Foundation
Fondation Ensemble
Global Colors
Helsinki Zoo
International Foundation
International Fund for Animal Welfare
International Society for Endangered Cats
Joan Poor
Jolkona Foundation
Juniper Foundation
Keidanren Nature Conservation Foundation
Kolmarden Zoo
Laguntza Foundation
Lawrence Foundation
Moore Family Foundation
Niabi Zoo
Norcross Wildlife Foundation
Nordens Ark
Nysether Family Foundation
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Regina Bauer Frankenberg Foundation
Rufford Small Grants Foundation
Safari Club International Foundation
Seattle International Foundation
Snow Leopard Trust UK
South Lakes Safari Zoo
Stephen Gold at the WCN Solar Power Project
Trust for Mutual Understanding
Tulsa Zoo
Turner Foundation
Utah’s Hogle Zoo
Woodland Park Zoo


  1. Whaaat!?

    Did you really manage to get the preservation act through?!

    This is the most awesome and fantastic news I’ve seen for long!

    Please continue your great work, it pays off.

    Thank you so much.


  2. Sounds great !
    the existing parks are now bound together and i find happiness knowing that this man Sumbee had done so much in harsh times for the animals around.

    thanks for the great work everyone has done to get this done.

  3. This is wonderful news and I’m so sure that your friend who lost his life would be so proud! Bless everyone involved in making this happen! 🙂

  4. Congratulations to my dear friend Bayarjargal who has done a lot in this project and also her other colleagues. U guys are the best and we will always appreciate what u guys have done in recent and further in ur country either. I know that ur country truly proud. Keep moving forward and wish u all the best.

  5. Wonderful news!! Thanks and blessings to everyone who helped to make this happen!
    Somewhere Sumbee is smiling with us.

  6. Thank you for your persistence and your efforts. The result is really great. Now the snow leopards can live in peace and breed to save their specie. Sumner must be smiling down on his beloved snow leopards. We need more success and endings like this to protect the endangered species.

  7. This is wonderful news and a HUGE achievement. Thank you for all you do to protect these beautiful cats.

  8. I am so proud of your Trust. I hope other organizations can protect other animals as excellently as you ate protecting the snow leopard! Congratulations!

  9. Thank you guys. God bless people like you. This is a great news. I wish we could help all the creatures out there, because they are here for a reasons, and we ned them.

  10. Huge congratulations to all involved in this acheivement, including those in the parliament with the awesome foresight to have approved such a wonderful move! I am sorry to hear about the death of such a dedicated individual as Sumbee. Perhaps some notable part of the protected area could be named in his honor.

  11. This is amazing! Congratulations in this outstanding achievement! I really hope in the end snow leopards will be saved in the end and live happier. I’m very sorry for your loss, and I hope all will be well in the end. I will stand by you and help through hard times too! 😀

  12. This is also fantastic news for the preservation of the rarest of Grizzly Bears in the world—they also live in this protected area of the Gobi. Keep your eyes open for Douglas H. Chadwick’s book on the Gobi Grizzlies, due out this fall! Vital Ground (out of Missoula, Montana) has also been involved in the preservation of the bears and their Gobi habitat.

    I heard the fantastic news of the Tost from Doug last week… so we can celebrate for the lives of both (and thousands of other species) that share the habitat!

    Thank you to all of you who have worked so hard on this!

  13. This is wonderful news. These cats are among the most breathtaking animals on earth and deserve our protection.

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